Loïc BERTRAND

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Researcher
Director IPANEMA European Ancient materials synchrotron research platform, CNRS MCC UVSQ MNHN, USR 3461
Université Paris-Saclay, site du synchrotron SOLEIL
F-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
loic.bertrand@synchrotron-soleil.fr

 

With a background in physico-chemistry, I have been dedicating my research since 1999 to the study of materials from archaeology, cultural heritage, palaeo-environments and palaeontology while working at C2RMF (Paris), the University of Cambridge (UK), Laboratoire de physique des solides and the SOLEIL synchrotron facility (Paris-Saclay).

I am director of the IPANEMA European research laboratory on ancient materials since 2010. IPANEMA is a joint laboratory from CNRS, French Ministry of Culture, University of Versailles and MNHN located at SOLEIL. The laboratory is supported by the European Commission and international partners, including the Smithsonian Institution of the USA and the Dutch research funding agency NWO. I coordinate the participation of France to the European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science (E-RIHS) with I. Pallot-Frossard (C2RMF). I animate with E. Anheim (EHESS) and M. Tengberg (AASPE), the Key Research Sector "Matériaux anciens et Patrimoniaux" of the Île-de-France Region.

My personal research is centered on the study of properties of ancient materials through their full-field and raster-scanning microimaging, by developing methodological approaches based on infrared, UV-visible and X-ray synchrotron radiation. I am particularly interested in developments leading to a more accurate information on the long-term ageing processes and exceptional preservation of biological remnants and materials from archaeological settings studied at microscale (micro-taphonomy), manufacturing techniques used in the past, and the provenance of raw materials used to produce archaeological artefacts.

Main research interests

Physico-chemical properties of ancient materials
Photon-based imaging and microspectroscopy of ancient materials, particularly through synchrotron X-ray, UV/visible and infrared spectroscopy
Long-term alteration and exceptional preservation of biological remnants in archaeological and palaeontological settings (textiles, hair, soft and hard tissues)
Advanced study of artists' materials (pigments, varnishes)